Tuesday, August 25, 2020

Orphanage Management

Halfway houses 1. Daar-Ul-Tanzeem, Children Home 2. Anjuman Taleem-Ul-Quran 3. Daar-Ul-Shafqat, Anjuman Hamayat-e-Islam Location: (Gawaal Mandi and Raaj Garh) Group Members 1. Raza Ur Rehman L1F10MBAM0186 2. Hira Mumtaz L1F10MBAM0210 3. Adnan Ashraf L1F10MBAM0184 4. Arooj Shahid L1F10MBAM2211 5. Naveed Khan L1F10MBAM2204 University of Central Punjab Table of Contents Sr. No. | Topic| Page No. | 1. | Introduction to Volunteers| 3| 2. | Activity detail (Individually expounded by each volunteer)| 4| 3. | Finding (Individually expounded by each volunteer)| 5| 4. | Inference (in group)| 6| 5. | Solutions| 7| . | Recommendations| 8| 7. | Working Pictures| 9| 1) Introduction to Volunteers Name: Raza Ur Rehman Registration#L1F10MBAM0186 Contact # 0300-8818813 Email: [emailâ protected] com Hobbies: Playing chess and cricket. Point of life: To turn into a main exporter of Pakistan. Name: Hira Mumtaz Registration#L1F10MBAM0210 Contact # 0322-5454997 Email: [emailâ protected] com Hobbies: Fine expressions, Candle making and Singing. Point of life: I befit myself as a business visionary. I need to maintain my own business of painstaking work. I likewise have an arrangement to construct a government assistance house for senior residents. Name: Adnan AshrafRegistration#L1F10MBAM0184 Contact # 0313-4545169 Email: [emailâ protected] com Hobbies: Reading paper and watching syndicated programs. Point of life: I need to investigate the vehicle area of Pakistan. Name: Arooj Shahid Registration#L1F10MBAM2211 Contact # 0321-8855324 Email: arooj. [emailâ protected] com Hobbies: Browsing, Chatting, Music, Social systems administration, Art work. Point of life: To lead a supervisory group. Name: Naveed Khan Registration#L1F10MBAM2204 Contact # 0333-4818331 Email: [emailâ protected] com Hobbies: Cricket, Volley ball, Internet surfing. Point of life: To turn into a prestigious government official. ) Activity Details Raza Ur Rehman: I visited the halfway houses of Raaj Garh close Chou burji and Gawaal Mandi. I went there alongside my gathering individuals to make mindfulness among youngsters and the staff individuals from the shelters in regards to the privileges of kids. At that point, I gathered the protests of kids and guarantee them full help by Children Complaint Office. Hira Mumtaz: I invested some energy with offspring of certain halfway houses to upgrade their comprehension about their privileges and show them our help to exceed expectations in their lives. I got some information about the inadequacies or obstacles they are facing.Adnan Ashraf: I conversed with the vagrants of Raaj Garh and Gawaal Mandi about their issues which they are looking in their lives and made them mindful about their privileges as residents of Pakistan. Arooj Shahid: I entered the halfway houses and conversed with the authorities and the kids about the meriting privileges of youngsters. I attempted to build up a feeling of certainty among the vagrants and caused them to understan d their significance for a splendid fate of Pakistan. Naveed Khan: I contemplated nature of halfway houses of Gawaal Mandi and Raaj Garh. We conversed with the youngsters about their standard work and roused them to buckle down. ) Findings Raza Ur Rehman: Words of the considerable number of vagrants caused us to feel that the youngsters are happy with the offices and the consideration gave by the shelter organization. They appear to be upbeat living there and had no issues with respect to the nature of food, instruction, garments, and so on. Now and then, I had an inclination that they are hesitant to converse with me however not long after investing some energy with them, my psyche got cleared and came to realize that they were delaying in light of the fact that not many pariahs visit them. This produced a clumsy inclination for them for a brief time of time.After investing some energy with vagrants, I discovered that these kids are not ready to live with their families. They need to remain in the shelter homes and think about them as their genuine home. Be that as it may, their expectation for everyday comforts isn't at present sufficient. Youngsters have such huge numbers of inquiries on their faces which should be replied by us. Significantly, after all the endeavors by the organization of halfway house, such huge numbers of things are absent in the lives of these vagrants which ought to be given to them. Hira Mumtaz: Orphanage guardians had close connection with these orphans.The idea about halfway houses we should have, been totally precluded in the wake of visiting these shelters. In any case, the personal satisfaction stayed an inquiry for these shelters. Still a ton of work and exertion should be placed so as to coordinate the typical expectations for everyday comforts. Adnan Ashraf: I saw the vagrants totally clear. They were astounded to see us. Their appearances were attempting to disclose to us something however the nearness of halfway house staff didn't permit them to talk transparently. In spite of the fact that these youngsters are carrying on with a superior life in these halfway houses yet their youth merit more than this.Arooj Shahid: The point of our visit to the shelter was to build up our comprehension about the normal work of these vagrants. I saw their consistently normal of going to class and afterward their life at halfway house. I discovered that kids are simply going through an amazing times with no reasonable points in future. Naveed Khan: After conversing with the youngsters and the authorities of halfway houses, I presumed that they have exceptionally constrained access to everything and because of this their reasoning has likewise got restricted which is certifiably not a decent sign for a prosperous Pakistan. 4) InferenceWith shared agreement, we all inferred that the youngsters are spending a superior personal satisfaction in shelters than their own homes. They are being furnished with all bests imaginab le office by the halfway house staff. They have an inclination that the halfway house is their personality and they are not prepared to isolate themselves from their character. We discovered youngsters exceptionally taught. With all these positive angles, one thing that we came to know subsequent to directing this crusade is that these vagrants feel as though they are a weight on these halfway houses. All the more regularly, they have a sentiment of deprivation.They don't have an entrance to all the delights of life which a typical kid appreciates, for example, playing cricket or some different games. The explanation is that they don't have the playing extras. Every one of these things influence their character a lot. 5) Solutions Children protest encloses must be set each halfway house. Punjab Government, the givers and the associations ought to reallocate the assets to all the more viably bolster elective consideration choices for these youngsters. CCO must make strides for creati ng various youngsters government assistance programs which should additionally be upheld by our Government in apportioning suitable budget.Government should screen their executed exercises to guarantee that standard rules and guidelines are followed. Kid security preparing and youngster strengthening exercises ought to be executed. We have to create programs that will advance the satisfaction of the child’s mental and mental prosperity. CCO in participation with kid assurance offices and different NGOs should start projects to give data to and teach networks about the importance and ramifications of selections of orphanages.Orphanage staff should find a way to guarantee that youngsters living in shelters are, beyond what many would consider possible and with regards to the wellbeing of the kid, reunified with their families. 6) Recommendations * Place youngsters grievance confine each halfway house. * Punjab Government, benefactors and associations ought to reallocate the ass ets to all the more viably bolster elective consideration alternatives for kids. * CCO should make strides for creating various youngsters government assistance program which should additionally be bolstered by our Government in allotting proper spending plan. Government should screen their executed exercises to guarantee that standard rules and guidelines are followed. * Child insurance preparing and youngster strengthening exercises ought to be executed. * Need to create programs that advance the satisfaction of the child’s mental and mental prosperity. * An exhaustive program should be started to get kids think about their privileges, I. e. option to live, option to learn, option to teach and progressively significant option to be a family or a preparation program on the privileges of the kid ought to likewise be produced for all youngsters living in halfway houses, mirroring the full scope of rights. CCO in collaboration with youngster insurance organizations and differen t NGOs should start projects to give data to and teach networks about the importance and ramifications of selections of shelters. * Orphanage staff should find a way to guarantee that kids living in halfway houses are, quite far and with regards to the wellbeing of the kid, reunified with their families. * Different organizations and NGOs with pertinent ability should proceed with endeavors to improve kid assurance. 7) Working Pictures

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Unemployment in Europe Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Joblessness in Europe - Essay Example A study led in 2006, an evaluation of the joblessness rates in different nations in Europe was completed. According to the aftereffects of that overview, joblessness in Europe all in all is at present as high as 4% to 17%. (Kurten, 2006). Not just this, the pace of joblessness was evaluated to diminish further in the coming years, which is the greatest reason for worry among the young people of the European countries. A similar report by Kurten (2006) uncovered that till 2004, individuals underneath 25 years old having a place with the European Union confronted joblessness in the level of over 18.6%. What especially raises a great deal of challenges in the method of youthful Europeans getting utilized is an absence of adequate experience that would get them qualified for the occupations. Any excursion needs to begin from a point. Tragically, youthful Europeans can not begin in light of the fact that the businesses anticipate that them should have significant experience that is beyond the realm of imagination without at any rate one boss having endless supply of understanding and acknowledged a new alumni. In addition, managers in Europe traditionally judge the aptitudes of an individual through his/her CV. Along these lines, numerous potential workers neglect to be even considered for determination essentially on the grounds that the CVs are not persuading enough as far as experience. Notwithstanding that, businesses in Europe by and large will in general assess the capability of a person through his/her involvement in the primary occupation. This can demonstrate exceptionally gr ievous for a person in that regardless of whether he/she stayed utilized with some notorious and unrenowned organization for a significant time span in the beginning of his/her vocation, he/she may have outrageous trouble looking through another employment in the wake of leaving the first. The results can be much more dreadful if the individual got ousted from the main employment for reasons unknown, regardless of whether he/she was not to blame by any means. Then again, workers themselves feel demotivated by rehashed dismissals and ejections

Tuesday, July 28, 2020

Why You Should Not Be a Solopreneur

Why You Should Not Be a Solopreneur Finding a perfect job is something that is only a dream for most of us. While some jobs do not offer a decent pay, others may not offer enough opportunities to showcase your potential. In such a scenario, more people are creating and running their own businesses, single-handedly. These individuals who run businesses without any support staff or employees are known as solopreneurs. © Shutterstock.com | mavoIn this article, we shall be learning more about 1) solopreneurs, 2) what makes them different from entrepreneurs,  and 3) some reasons why you should not be one!SOLOPRENEUR: A BRIEFWho Is a Solopreneur?In the simplest of terms, solopreneurs are entrepreneurs who run their business alone or single-handedly. These are independent professionals who are engaged in building a personal brand by performing each of the business tasks themselves. They are themselves responsible for achieving personal and financial success from scratch and do not have any employees or support staff working for them. The term ‘solopreneur’ is a broad term that is used to refer to different professionals including freelancers, consultants, small business owners and on-call workers.These days, a lot of people are going the ‘solo’ way and starting their own businesses. Solopreneurs are mostly driven by a passion for what they love doing, combined with self-confidence, courage, an d multi-tasking abilities. They are usually more inclined toward doing everything themselves and hence may not feel the need to hire anyone. However, after spending a few years working alone, some solopreneurs hire certain workers in order to meet the needs of the growing business. Creating a job for yourself takes time, motivation, dedication and, of course, a lot of hard work. Leading it to success thereafter further adds to the challenging nature of solopreneurship.Characteristics of a SolopreneurIt is true that the internet and many other resources available online have made it possible for people to consider becoming solopreneurs. But it takes more than just the internet to convert this dream into reality. There are many characteristics or features that an individual must possess to become a successful ‘solo’ business owner, such as:Passion and optimism An unflinching passion for your idea or business plan is something that acts as a driving force for those who wish to bec ome solopreneurs. But passion often comes from optimism, which is also a characteristic trait of solopreneurs. Without a positive frame of mind, no business owner can move forward, and the same holds true for solopreneurs as well.Courage and confidence A solopreneur must have a great deal of courage and confidence to stay the course without giving up. If you wish to go solo, then you must not only take risks but also trust in your own abilities.Extrovert and introvert As a solopreneur, you would need to be both an extrovert and an introvert. On one hand, you must have superb people skills to communicate with business associates on a daily basis; on the other hand, you must be comfortable working alone for long periods of time. You must be able to make yourself comfortable in your own space but should also have the ability to socialize to take your business forward.Creativity with getting resources Most solopreneurs when starting their business may find themselves low on resources . Thus, you must possess creativity for getting resources and acquiring the tools needed to take the business forward. Someone who doesn’t possess this quality of resourcefulness may not be able to meet the challenges of running a business alone.Versatility From marketing to sales, and from finances to brainstorming ideas, a solopreneur has to handle each aspect of the business himself and to do this, he may need to be extremely versatile. If you plan to become a solopreneur, then you may need to acquire not only a large pool of knowledge but also several multi-dimensional skills to succeed.Financial and tech savvy As a solopreneur, you need to possess exceptional financial skills in order to make the most of your money and to utilize and invest it well. Without proper financial knowledge, even a great business idea can fail. Similarly, you must be tech-savvy to be able to make use of technology and the internet for promoting and running your business well.Negotiation skills and salesmanship To grow your business, you will also need exceptional negotiating abilities and excellent salesmanship. From clients to service providers, and from customers to third party vendors, a solopreneur needs to negotiate on a daily basis in order to move ahead and get the best out of a situation.Creative Only someone who can think creatively and has an innovative vision for the future can conduct a business single-handedly. Creativity forms the mainstay of the work profile of a solopreneur and proves useful not just during the initial steps but for the duration of the business.Differences between a Solopreneur and an EntrepreneurIt is a common notion that those running their own businesses are called ‘entrepreneurs’, but the same definition can also be applied to ‘solopreneurs’. However, in spite of the slight similarity in the definitions, there are many differences between the two. While, on one hand, a solopreneur works independently without any workers, an entr epreneur may work with a group of people including staff members, employees, and consultants. The following are some of the other differences between solopreneurs and entrepreneurs:Differences in aspirations and objectives: There are subtle differences between the aspirations and objectives of solopreneurs and entrepreneurs. While the goal of an entrepreneur is to make money, a solopreneur may be more focused on carving a brand or name for himself in the market. The main objective of a solopreneur is to set up and stabilize his business. The risk-taking scope for solopreneurs is usually less than in the case of entrepreneurs.Differences in hiring employees: Entrepreneurs need to hire employees in order to meet their objective of maximizing profits in the fastest way, but solopreneurs are not focused on hiring anyone. They may make less money but ensure they keep 100% of the equity. However, they may use the services of freelancers or consultants every once in a while for help on cer tain matters. Entrepreneurs, on the other hand, may not hesitate to hire people if that is what it takes to achieve their objectives faster.Difference in attitude managers vs. workers: Entrepreneurs run a business with the aim of making money, even if it takes hiring workers, and then eventually selling off the business when it has made enough profit. They love the challenge of establishing and running the enterprise but may not be too keen on doing the work by themselves. They thus have a ‘manager’ attitude. In contrast, solopreneurs are keen on doing what they love and converting it into a one-man business. Even if this doesn’t ensure a good income or a handsome profit, solopreneurs are comfortable pursuing their passion without sharing their work responsibilities.Entrepreneurs are focused on building a company: Another major difference between the two is that entrepreneurs are focused on building a profit-spinning company while solopreneurs are more inclined toward creatin g their own small space in the industry. Entrepreneurs tend to be out building connections and expanding their network, but solopreneurs spend hours getting things off the ground from the office to turn their dream into a reality.Solopreneurs are not bothered about a buyout: Entrepreneurs work hard on building and expanding their businesses but may not be particularly attached to it. All they aim for is to convert the business into a profitable venture so that they can sell it out. But solopreneurs are not bothered about a buyout and do not plan to hand over their much-loved venture to anyone else. They passionately love what they do and wish to keep it their own till the very end. However, there are many entrepreneurs who might turn down buyout offers and solopreneurs who may agree to sell the business out in time if the situation demands it.WHY YOU SHOULD NOT GO THE SOLOPRENEUR WAYWhile most of you may be attracted by the idea of becoming a solopreneur or taking on the challenge s ingle-handedly, it is important to know that this is not the most rewarding or fun path to choose for your future. Starting, running and then trying to make your business a success can be very scary, especially if you are not equipped with boundless knowledge and the skills to implement this knowledge. Not only is the path laden with uncertainties but it also demands a lot of hard work. The following are some of the other reasons why you should probably give up on the idea of being a solopreneur.1.     You are your biggest roadblockOne of the main reasons why you should not consider becoming a solopreneur is that you are your biggest roadblock. Since you are the only person involved in the business and have to handle each of the tasks yourself, if you do not do some work, then it won’t be done at all. This means that if you don’t feel motivated to perform the various duties on certain days, you won’t have anyone to lean on and may prove to your own biggest enemy. If you are co nsidering going the solo way, you must first consider your own potential and motivation level before taking the plunge.2.     Separation of personal and business finances is difficultWhen you open up a business of your own, you tend to set up a different account for your professional finances. But even with the separation of accounts, keeping the money separate can be very difficult. So, for example, if you run out of money in your personal account, you will be forced to borrow some from your business account and vice-versa. But mixing of finances is inevitable as a solopreneur and often leads to legal hassles.3.     Can be exhaustingFrom the initial steps of planning your business to handling marketing, and from organizing your finances to making the sales, you are the one who will be looking after all departments of the business, day after day. Not only does this prove physically exhausting but also mentally tiring. So even if you are on a vacation or an off day, your mind will be still on the tasks that need to be performed like the mail that has to be sent or the payment that is to be received. Being a solopreneur can be really exhausting, and most people may crack under the pressure. This is another reason why one must avoid going this way.4.     Lack of collaborationSince there are no employees or team members with whom you can share ideas, you may often experience a feeling of lack of collaboration as a solopreneur. If you are someone who likes to brainstorm ideas and work within a team as a joint force, then this field of work is not suitable for you. Solopreneurs do not have the luxury of delivering results in collaboration with a group of people and have to trust their own judgment at each step of the business.5.     Things can get extremely lonelyOne of the biggest drawbacks of being a solopreneur is that things tend to get extremely lonely around the workplace. There is no one with whom to share office gossip, no one with whom to take a coffee brea k and no one with whom to discuss your plans. It is a job where you may have to spend long hours in your office (or home office) alone and share the company of only a computer system. If you have been working with a company or a corporate entity for a long time, you may not be able to adjust to the quiet life of a solopreneur.6.     Experiencing failure can be overwhelming as a solopreneurAnother reason why you should not consider being a solopreneur is that experiencing failure can prove to be very overwhelming. Since you work very hard on building your business, experiencing failure can be very disappointing and may mean starting over from square one. Also, there is no one with whom you can share your failure, and you have to bear the brunt of it all on your own. Not everyone has the strength to deal with this alone.7.     Lack of resourcesWhen you work alone, it is you who has to acquire all the resources and make them last for the maximum amount of time. But it can be very diffi cult to ensure a good supply of resources all the time, especially when you have much more important matters to take care of. Also, not everyone has the skill to ask for help or maintain a constant stream of both financial and other resources. This may lead to a lack of resources which can prove fatal for your business.8.     Lack of validationThe reason why teams tend to produce better results than individuals is because each member can validate or improve the ideas of the others. Every individual craves validation and appreciation, which is something that is not possible for solopreneurs. You won’t be able to get feedback or have your ideas critiqued when you work solo, and this can result in a narrow way to approach different matters.9.     Not for everyoneSolopreneurship is not for everyone. Only those with a gamut of skills, unique characteristics and exceptional multi-tasking abilities can achieve success in this path of work. Solopreneurship is:Not ideal for those who are n ot good at networking Only with exceptional communication and networking skills can one succeed as a solopreneur. These skills are needed to make and maintain contacts, find more business and obtain resources. Thus, those who do not have networking abilities may not be able to work well as solopreneurs.Not ideal for those who cannot multi-task Someone who cannot juggle between different tasks and manage each effectively may not be the best candidate for solopreneurship. This field of work requires completion of a large number of tasks successfully on a daily basis and only a person with these skills can fit into this profile.Not ideal for those who lack financial knowledge If you are someone who is scared of working with and managing business financials on your own, then this field is probably not for you. From handling accounts to allocating budgets, you will have to have exceptional financial knowledge to succeed as a solopreneur.Not ideal for those who are used to working as a team if you are someone who is only comfortable working in a team or among a group of people, then you will find the field of solopreneurship extremely tough to handle. Here, you are a one-man team with no support staff or colleagues with which to share challenges.Not ideal for those who are not tech-savvy Not only does a solopreneur need to be familiar with technology, software and the internet, but he also needs to be an expert at these. Only a tech-savvy individual can dream of succeeding as a solo-business owner.Not ideal for those who do not like taking risks If you hate taking risks and prefer working within your comfort zone, then you should probably find a nine-to-five job that offers job security. A solopreneur has to take risks each step of the way to move toward brighter possibilities, however scary the risks might seem.10.   Can be stressfulPerforming a large number of tasks day after day and being responsible for success single-handedly can prove to be very stressfu l. From the stress of making money to the stress of acquiring resources, the list is endless. The load of the work responsibilities and the possibility of failure can make anyone crumble, while the stress may also affect the performance of the individual.

Friday, May 22, 2020

The Subjectivity of Women to Modern Mass Media’s...

Mary-Cate Grimes Diller ENG 102 Spring 2013 Research Argument Rough Draft The Subjectivity of Women to Modern Mass Media’s Construed Views of Beauty and How Their Effects on Body Image According to Medline Plus’s medical dictionary, a portion of the National Institute of Health’s website for patients and their families and friends, â€Å"body image† is defined as â€Å"a subjective picture of one s own physical appearance established both by self-observation and by noting the reactions of others.† From the start, it is made obvious by such a definition that any person’s self-body image is sculptured partly by others’ opinions and societal context. This, in turn, supports that this is the basis for the majority of mass media’s success; they†¦show more content†¦Despite the differing circumstances of these earlier time periods, the same unrealistic bodily ideals that society expected of women then still exist today. Mass media emits mixed signals as to what’s â€Å"hot† and whatâ €™s â€Å"not† with every advertisement they publicize. On one hand, companies advertise emaciated supermodels through television, magazine advertisements, and the like, who are idolized simply because they are skinny, as skinny has developed into one end of the â€Å"hot† spectrum of modern-day America. There is a catch, however. More and more supermodels, like those who model for Victoria’s Secret for example, have thin bodies, muscle tone, and larger chests. Many women have the tendency to idolize this figure and believe this is the way they should want to look in order to be considered â€Å"sexy.† Even the Barbie doll, for example, has unrealistic proportions that are simply physiologically impossible for any woman to have. These ideals are far too irrational for any woman to reach. On the other hand, more and more companies are making claims that larger, plus-size women should also be viewed as â€Å"beautiful† or â€Å"sexy,† in a ttempts to make those who are larger than â€Å"normal† feel more comfortable in their own skins. Given these mixed images, women are faced with unrealistic expectations every time they crack open a

Saturday, May 9, 2020

The Atomic Bomb Was Necessary - 1725 Words

The Atomic Bomb was needed to be Used then, but not now Cullen J. Babcock I002 FALL 15 HIST 102 Dr. Lilia Anand American Military University Abstract The Atomic Bomb or known Atom Bomb was created by a scientist, which assembled the first bomb. He and General Leslie Graves officially and successfully tested it in New Mexico, July 21, 1945. Despite this, two refugees from Italy and Germany in the early 1940’s, Enrico Fermi and Leo Szilard were the first to ever produce a controlled chain reaction. The bomb was created to use during WW2 and end it. This was big for America as president Franklin was notified that Germany was working on a similar weapon to use on America and its Allies. This bomb was needed to win the war and it took approximately 160,000 lives as a result while also having many affects on the people then, the people today, and the environment (Henretta, Edwards, Self, 2012). The US was the first and only country to this day to drop an atomic bomb on another country, not once, but twice. This did end the war; however, the results were quite devastating to Japan. The environment and lives lost were all greatly impacted however, the world as a whole would be impacted for years to come. It also had its political reasoning behind it to show the global power of America. The devastation caused by the bombs also created deterrence from using them in the future at the time. Furthermore, now as other countries have improved technologicalShow MoreRelatedDropping the Atomic Bomb: Was It Necessary?1723 Words   |  7 PagesDropping the Atomic Bomb: Was it really necessary? In 1945, the United States with help from Canada, released a new force into unsuspecting Japan which shocked the world. It was the weapon the Manhattan project spent months working on while spending approximately $20 billion. It used up to 12% of America’s electricity during the war even though many people did not know what they were working on. It was a weapon so powerful that many heads of this project feared it would go terribly wrong. It wouldRead MoreWas The Atomic Bomb Necessary For End World War II?2286 Words   |  10 Pages RQ: Was the Use of the Atomic Bomb Necessary to End World War II? Alissa Spikes Mrs. Ferry AP World History 2 June 2015 Word Count: 2,181 Table of Contents A.Plan of investigation†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦..†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦...3 B. Evidence†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦..4 C. Evaluation of Sources†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦..8 D. Analysis†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦...†¦..†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦10 E. Conclusion†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.13 F. Works Cited†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦...†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦14 PlanRead MoreTo What Extent Was The Atomic Bomb Necessary? Ending World War II?1842 Words   |  8 PagesTo What Extent was the Atomic Bomb Necessary in Ending World War II? World War II spanned from September 1, 1939 to September 2, 1945 and resulted in approximately 80 million deaths. This infamous war was born out of a thirst for power and control by Nazi Germany, their fascist allies, and Japan. The war ended in 1945 after one of the most destructive weapons ever created was used to decimate regions of Japan. On August 6th, 1945 the United States dropped the first ever atomic bomb on Hiroshima,Read MoreThe Atomic Bomb : Right Or Wrong1642 Words   |  7 PagesDr. Shedd 11/10/15 Word Count: 1517 The Atomic Bomb: Right or Wrong On August 6th, 1945 the very first atomic bomb was dropped on the Japanese city of Hiroshima. A second atomic bomb was dropped on the Japanese city of Nagasaki a few days later. This was the largest attack a country had ever seen before and there were many different views on whether the bombs were necessary or not. Like any conflict, there were groups that were against dropping the bomb such as the Wall Street Journal and groupsRead MoreWas The Atomic Bombing Of Hiroshima And Hiroshima Justified?965 Words   |  4 PagesWas the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki justified? Discuss. The atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki ushered the world into a new era of warfare. Never before in the history of man had such destruction been wrought in the power of a single bomb. Thousands of civilians were incinerated and Japan’s war capitals were demolished. The horror and terror was unimaginable; yet the bomb had a purpose; to swiftly end the war. In today’s society, it is questionable whether the bomb should haveRead MoreThe Atomic Bombs in Japan1373 Words   |  6 PagesOn August 6th, 1945, the United States dropped an atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima without any precedent. The explosion viciously destroyed four square miles of the city and killed 90,000 and injured 40,000. (Weber, â€Å"Was Hiroshima Necessary?†) Three days later, a second atomic bomb stroked the city of Nagasaki which killed approximately 37,000 people and injured 43,000 (Weber, â€Å"Was Hiroshima Necessary?†). These actions of the United States still remai n controversial today and the UnitedRead MoreThe Modern Language Association s Guidelines1634 Words   |  7 Pages Atomic Bomb Research Paper Following the Modern Language Association s Guidelines Hamza Abidi South Brunswick High School Throughout World War II, problems that were faced by each country revolved around the idea of making the right decision. To attempt at making the right decisions, treaties were made between two or more countries that listed certain terms and conditions. However, when these treaties were violated, it made the situations between countries even worse than theyRead MoreWas Bombing Hiroshima and Nagasaki Necessary to End World War 2?1650 Words   |  7 PagesDuring the time period when Franklin D. Roosevelt was in office, it was during WWII. Japan attacked the U.S. on Dec. 7, 1941 and was known as Pearl Harbor. When that happened, Roosevelt did not hesitate to ask Congress to officially declare war on Japan. During the war, there was a proposal of an atomic bomb landing over Hiroshima and Nagasaki to finalize the war. To this day there is still controversy that if that atomic bomb was actually necessary to end the war, because of the number of innocentRead MoreThe Atomic Bomb Is Not A Mi litary Necessity1210 Words   |  5 PagesAmerican generals, Leahy, Macarthur, and Eisenhower, stated the dropping of the atomic bomb â€Å"was not a military necessity.† Japan was already struggling greatly to maintain itself, and they felt that it would fall soon. Leahy even went as far as to say that a continuation of the blockade of Japan and bombings would have been enough to bring Japan to its knees. These generals acknowledged the efficiency of the atomic bomb, but could not reconcile that efficiency to the devastating consequences. TwoRead MoreThe Dropping Of The Atomic Bomb Essay1734 Words   |  7 Pagesdropping of the atomic bomb was used to save American lives; the most common excuse as to why President Harry Truman decided to drop the atomic bomb on Japan. In Major Problems in the History of World War II it has been discussed in the chapter The Atomic Bomb and the End of World War II that former President Truman recalled how he learned about the atomic bomb project as well as the public opinion on the Atomic Bomb. I believe that the solution that Truman gave when dropping the Atomic Bomb should not

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Sociology Reflective Essay Free Essays

‘Social Stratification is the division of large numbers of people into layers according to their relative property, power, and prestige; applies to both nations and to people within a nation, society, or other group. ’ (Henslin, James,2011) There are basically four systems to socially stratify a family. Social class, as one of the systems will be investigated in the following paragraphs. We will write a custom essay sample on Sociology Reflective Essay or any similar topic only for you Order Now (1) Identification of my family’s social class position and explanations of it: Social class is fundamentally determined by how much wealth you have. Income, education and gender are three major factors that I would consider to determine my family’s social class position. Concisely speaking, I came from a single-parent family which I only live with my mother. My mother is the only person who is officially employed in my family. Her occupation is a salesperson at a beauty centre with unstable income. One other important financial income of our family will be the alimony given from my father who no longer lives with us. Our household income per month is about $10,000. According to the 2006 Population By-census, the median monthly domestic household income (at current prices) was $ 17,250. Although there are only two people in my family, our monthly income is nearly 40% below the median figure in 2006. Individually, my mother does not receive stable income so her monthly income tends to be lower than the median monthly income of an employed individual of $ 10,000. In conclusion, my family’s income is comparably low; especially the data was collected in 2006 which inflation has already been excluded. Education is counted as an essential factor determining social class as it’s believed that well-educated people can always get well-pay jobs with comfortable working environments. As mentioned in the 2006 Population By-census report, people with higher educational attainment generally have higher income than less educated ones. Also, in the past few decades, only economically sufficient families could provide educations for their children. There are many middle-aged people nowadays do not have high-school qualifications. Thus, in the past few decades, the more educated a person was, the wealthier his/ her family would be. My mother did not finish high-school education while I have just started my university study. Finally, a very special factor—gender, is considered. ‘Gender is a basis for social stratification. (Henslin, James, 2011) All of us in a family are both females. Even though people in modern world advocate gender equality, women still suffer from gender inequality. Stated in the report of the 2006 Population By-census, the median monthly income from main employment of working men was higher than that of working women by some 30% during 1996–2006. Other than income, clothing, right to divorce and education are restricted in some Middle East countries (e. g. Iran). Hong Kong seems t o be a liberal city but there are still some deep-root traditions and thoughts that limit the social mobility of females. Due to gender inequality, my mother was not allowed to attend high school and she is forced to receive lower pay comparing to her male colleagues with same working titles. To conclude, I would say gender serves as a force that aid pushing down my family’s social status. After the considerations of all these factors, I would place my family as working class or sometimes lower class. In term of Marx’s theory, my family would be the proletariat (workers). In term of Weber’s theory which considers three components of social class, I would still place my family as working or lower class. 2) Prediction of my own social class when I am 40 years old and the possible difference between my current family social class position and the future: It is extremely hard to predict my own social position when I am 40 years old which will be approximately two decades later as our world is never predictable. Nonetheless, if everything reminds unchanged in our world, I will be a clini cal psychologist or at least graduate with bachelor degree. Ideally, I will be working for the government as a professional with ‘Iron Rice Bowl’. The salary I get will be higher than average. According to the report on salary scale of common posts in the non-governmental organizations, the monthly salary of a clinical psychologist was $ 30,615 in 2009 which was 2 times higher than the median monthly income in 2006. In 20 years time, my mother will be retired hopefully and I will be the only financial support at home. My occupation, wealth, education level and income will be the main indicators to identify my social position in our society. According to Marx, I remain a proletariat who lacks of class consciousness as I do not perceive an occupation as a clinical psychologist as an exploited worker. According to Wright, I may be on the level of managers or still workers. I guess I will not own any means of production or labor power but I hope I can still own control over investments or money capital (e. g. a flat unit). In short, from both Marx’s and Wright’s view, my social position will not differ a lot from my family’s current social class position. However, I doubt that their views are relatively simplistic and out-dated so I prefer Weber’s three components of social class (property, power and prestige). At the age of 40, as a professional, I may have a secretary which means I gain power on controlling my subordinates at work. Also, prestige sounds more achievable as a professional with more respects. From his perspective, I may achieve vertical mobility and move to a higher-rank social position comparing to my family’s current social class position. Generally, I believe being a clinical psychologist can upgrade myself from a lower/working class to lower middle class. However, the above assumptions are made under the circumstances that nothing has changed. In my own opinion, there are some essential factors that I have to consider. For examples, the prestige and income I will get for being a clinical psychologist may not be that much as in the past. This is because studying in universities is very common; getting a university degree will be easier than the past. Potentially, there will be more clinical psychologists in Hong Kong and salaries will be lowered when there are sufficient supplies. (3) Considerations of all advantages and/or disadvantages my family’s current social class position provides or poses in helping to determine the social class to which I see myself belonging when I am forty years old: First of all, I would like to state some of the disadvantages at the beginning. Income is an important indicator determining class position. However, my mother’s income can be very unstable (as a typical factor of local working class). She can earn quite a lot this month but earn nothing in the following month. A few years ago while there was a structural change in the industry that I have considered not to continue my study but to work in order to support my family’s expenses. This kind of consideration may appear again if the economic condition is really bad. Although the possibility is very low, income uncertainty can still block my sights from determining my future social class which is possibly determined by my education level. Also, social class is likely to be intergenerational so I am very likely to be part of the working/ lower class but not what I have expected in part (2). One significant advantage is that being a part of the lower/working class provides very strong motivation for me to study harder and move to the middle class rank in the future. When being a part of the middle class becomes my goal, I can easily conclude what social position I will be in my 40s. References: (1) Thematic Report :Household Income Distributionin Hong Kong 2006 Population By-census http://www. statistics. gov. hk/publication/stat_report/population/B11200452006XXXXB0401. pdf (2) Salary Scale of Common Posts in the Non-governmental Organizations w. e. f 1. 4. 2009 http://www. swd. gov. hk/doc/ngo/Salary%20Scale%20of%20Common%20Posts%20wef%201%204%202009. pdf (3) Sociology: A Down-to-Earth Approach (Henslin, James,2011) How to cite Sociology Reflective Essay, Essay examples

Tuesday, April 28, 2020

Nine Inexpensive and Free Alternatives to Photoshop

If you want the best photo editing software in terms of features and support, Adobe Photoshop leads the pack. However, at around $70 per month for a full subscription and a steep learning curve, it is out of reach for some marketers. Luckily, if you’re after an affordable and user-friendly photo editing tool, there are plenty of others available. Here are some of the best, budget-friendly alternatives. Corel Paintshop Pro X9 This cost-effective tool is one of the most sophisticated, considering it’s a fraction of the cost of Photoshop. It’s packed with features sufficient for any professional or amateur photo editor. The library of tools and brushes can be extended with plugins and there are many online tutorials to help beginners. Unfortunately for Mac users, it’s currently only available for Windows. Price: Around $70 USD for the full version. Pixelmator For Mac users only, Pixelmator comes close to Photoshop in terms of functionality, but it doesn’t have the photo organization features. You can touch up photos, sketch, add text and shapes, apply powerful effects and more. There’s support for iPads, so you can start a project on your Mac and then pick up where you left off on your tablet. The advanced software ensures fast image processing and its user-friendly interface makes it a good choice for novices. Price: $29.99 USD. Affinity Photo Launched in July 2015, Affinity Photo is relatively easy to learn and if you’re used to Photoshop, its interface is reassuringly similar. The many features include advanced retouching tools, panoramic photo stitching and high-end filters. Live editing also means you don’t have to apply changes every time. Its support for RAW files from digital cameras is also something you won’t find on many other Photoshop alternatives. Currently available for Mac, although a Windows version is in development. Acorn 5 If you’re not familiar with photo editing software, Acorn 5 may be a good place to start. It’s quick and easy to use, but also powerful. Despite having fewer features than other programs on this list, it still has the retouching tools, blurring effects and filters most people are looking for. There’s also a huge list of free tutorials on the website. Price: $29.99 USD for the full version. And of course, here is a list of free alternatives: GIMP Regarded by many as the best free alternative to Photoshop, GIMP is an open source image editor compatible with Mac, Windows, Linux and other operating systems. The interface and tabbed windows are also similar to Photoshop. As well as retouching, painting, text and color management tools, it also supports plugins for extra functionality. If you need help understanding image and layer manipulation, the website hosts various tutorials. Pixlr This web-based image editor is another one of the most powerful free tools. With similar features and layouts to Photoshop, you can access Pixlr without having to download anything or even sign up for an account. Signing up will allow you to save images to your Pixlr library for later editing. The usual tools like blur, sharpen and pencil combine with sophisticated filters, effects, coloring tools and layering options. Paint.NET This one’s only for Windows users, but Paint.NET has all the standard effects you’d expect from an image editor. It also has a unique 3D rotate and zoom effect, making it easy to add perspective and tilting. There’s also unlimited history, meaning every edit you make can be undone or redone. A growing online community gives you access to lots of advice, tutorials and extra plugins. For Mac users only, Seashore is another open source tool that offers similar features as GIMP, but it’s not quite as powerful. However, many people find it easier to use and it has all the usual features like brush strokes, gradients, multiple layers and plugin support. It’s still undergoing development, so if you use the latest version, you may encounter some bugs. To avoid this, download an older, stable version. PicMonkey Finally, if you’re after something that’s a little more fun, without the complexity of other image editors on this list, you might want to try PicMonkey. You can edit images straight from your web browser, and there are various filters and tools like blemish removal and sticky overlays if you want to add funny hats, etc. to your image. The free version is basic, but for around $5 per month, you get access to more advanced features without any ads. Optimizing Your Images If you don’t mind paying extra in advance, Photoshop is still one of the most stable and feature-rich image editing tools around. However, as you can see from this list, you don’t have to pay for powerful software. These nine apps are all slightly different, so it’s best to try out each one to determine which one best suits you.